Daily standing may help curb chronic diseases. Insulin is a key hormone that regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and protein. Insulin function in the body may be disturbed by e.g. overweight, leading to increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases and decreased insulin sensitivity.
A new study by the researchers at Turku PET Centre and UKK the institute showed that increasing the daily standing time may help prevent chronic diseases.
Type 2 diabetes is said to be a lifestyle disease. People with type 2 diabetes are said to have insulin resistance.
Lifestyle plays a key role in insulin resistance and the development of type 2 diabetes, and regular physical activity helps to prevent these issues.
In the recent study, the researchers studied the link between insulin resistance and sedentary behavior, physical activity and fitness in inactive working-age adults with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
The study finding was published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport.
According to the research, standing is associated with better insulin sensitivity of the amount of daily physical activity or sitting time, fitness level, or overweight.
The researchers aim to study the effects of reducing daily sitting time on energy metabolism and fat accumulation in the liver and the whole body.
"Regular exercise is well known to be beneficial for health. It seems that physical activity, fitness, and sedentary behavior are also connected to insulin metabolism, but indirectly, through their effect on body composition," Doctoral Candidate Taru Garthwaite from the University of Turku explains.