Can Low Glycemic Index Diet Help Diabetes?

Can Low Glycemic Index Diet Help Diabetes?

Can low glycemic index diet help diabetes? People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes often follow different diets to keep blood sugar levels appropriate range and avoid long-term complications.

The glycemic index (GI) is a measure of how much glucose from food is absorbed and raises blood sugar levels, while the glycemic index (GI) is a measure of both the amount of carbohydrate in food and the amount each gram consumed will raise blood sugar levels.

Now new research suggests that a low GI diet may work for people with diabetes, particularly type 2 diabetes, to keep their blood sugar levels in a healthy range.

The CDC estimates that more than 34 million Trusted Source people in the United States may have diabetes -- 10.5% of the population.  Approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes.

Nutrition and education have important roles in diabetes management. People with diabetes must have knowledge about how certain foods affect their blood sugar levels. Measurements like GI and GL can help determine how much a particular food raises blood sugar levels.

A recent study that appears in BMJ Trusted Source shows that consuming a diet of low GI foods may help people with diabetes, especially type 2, maintain blood sugar levels as well as boost other health parameters.

“The available evidence provides a good indication that low GI/GL dietary patterns result in small, clinically significant reductions in the primary target of glycemic control — HbA1c,” a co-author of the analysis, Laura Chiavaroli, who is a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Toronto, said.